Panarchy book cover

Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems

Panarchy is the structure in which systems, including those of nature (e.g., forests) and of humans (e.g., capitalism), as well as combined human-natural systems (e.g., institutions that govern natural resource use such as the Forest Service), are interlinked in continual adaptive cycles of growth, accumulation, restructuring, and renewal. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems brings together leading thinkers on the subject. Edited by Lance H. Gunderson and C. S. Holling.